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14 smaller “mom and pop” stores died each time Wal-Mart, Target, and Kmart opened a new store.[1]  Between 1962 and 2013 alone these giants established more than 8,000 stores.[2] Most of these “car accessible” big box stores were located on interstate exits; most of the walkable smaller shops were located in the older “downtown”.   Good-by downtown.

While this was going on, one out of every two United States manufacturing jobs vanished [3]  - either overseas, or due to automation, or both.  This was a double whammy, because each highly paid local worker circulated enough money throughout the local economy, to “trickle down” another 4.6 local jobs.[4]  When the manufacturing jobs vanished, so did the many of.......

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By Francis Koster

If someone invited you to compete for a  prize of  $1000  to quickly create a method to identify poor people by looking at them, you could win easily by saying "Look at their teeth."    One recent study found that by the time the poorest 20% of the population reach aged 70, they have 8 fewer teeth than the top 20%[1]  Many of the remaining teeth are broken in some way. 

Dental problems later in life are usually rooted in childhood.  About 19 million American children (12 million poor) lack dental coverage, and/or do not live near dentists that will see them.[2]   This problem is about to get worse.  About a third of all American dentists are nearing.......

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